Antibiotic resistance

Why is antibiotic resistance dangerous?

Antibiotic resistance has become one of the greatest health challenges of the 21st century, jeopardizing the effectiveness of infection treatment and increasing healthcare costs. Every year in Europe, over 35,000 people lose their lives due to the consequences of antibiotic resistance. In the Czech Republic, resistant bacteria annually cause the death of about 500 people, which is more than the number of traffic accident victims. If this negative trend continues, by the year 2050, up to 10 million people globally could die annually due to antibiotic resistance. However, this alarming statistic can be mitigated if we actively address this threat.

The solution to the problem of antibiotic resistance lies in the “One Health” approach, which means a comprehensive and collaborative approach involving experts from various fields, from doctors to scientists in agriculture and veterinary medicine. In the Czech Republic, the State Health Institute’s project for the Prevention of Antibiotic Resistance successfully educates both healthcare professionals and the public, yielding positive results.

What causes antibiotic resistance?

Antibiotic resistance primarily arises from the overuse of antibiotics. More than 70% of infections caused by resistant bacteria are attributed to six main pathogens: E. coli, S. aureus, K. pneumoniae, S. pneumoniae, A. baumannii, and P. aeruginosa. A key measure is to prevent the excessive use of antibiotics, especially in the treatment of viral infections where these drugs have no effect.

Antibiotic resistance is not only a problem in human healthcare. Globally, approximately 80% of all antibiotics are used for animals, particularly in veterinary medicine and agriculture.

Experts emphasize that resistant bacteria can transfer resistance to each other even in the absence of antibiotics. Standard wastewater treatment technologies cannot distinguish between common bacteria and those resistant to antibiotics. This means that resistant bacteria can persist in the environment and spread among humans, animals, and the surroundings.

Who is fighting against antibiotic resistance?

Overall, the fight against antibiotic resistance is a complex task that requires global collaboration and coordination. Organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and national initiatives (State Health Institute) play a crucial role in formulating policies and strategies to limit antibiotic resistance. To combat antibiotic resistance, we must act on all fronts, including responsible antibiotic use in healthcare, restricting their use in agriculture and veterinary medicine, and improving the monitoring and management of wastewater to prevent the spread of resistant bacteria in the environment.

Want to know more?

Hyde Park Civilization

Antibiotics are losing their strength.

For current information on antibiotic resistance, check out the interview with Dr. Marek Štefan on the show:

Hyde Park Civilizace

and on the website made by National Institute od Public Health:

Antibiotic resistance

November 27, 2023

Scientific Writing Workshop

On Saturday, November 25, NIVB PhD students participated in a Scientific Writing Workshop led […]


November 16, 2023

Open Day at the IOCB

As part of the Week of the Czech Academy of Sciences, an Open Day […]

Representatives of major public health institutions and scientists from the National Institute of […]

Project: Regulation of protein liquid droplets during transcription Cells employ protein liquid […]

“Back in high school, I was fascinated by biology, which is why I decided to study […]

NIVB v médiích ()

Tuberculosis, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has been one of the most dreaded […]

NIVB v médiích ()

Project: Exploring the molecular mechanisms of activation and regulation of the innate immune response […]

Best Lecture Awards Ondřej Bulvas and Alžběta Dostálková have received awards for […]


October 10, 2023

NIVB meeting 2023

We are excited to share the highlights of the second NIVB meeting held from October […]


The second annual NIVB meeting will be held in Kutná Hora from 2nd […]

NIVB instagram ()

The Brno NIVB Workshop, held on the 14th of September, brought together experts from […]


The European Research Council (ERC) has announced the awarding of 400 Starting Grants […]


The Prague NIVB Workshop, held on the 21st of August, brought together experts […]


Markéta Pimková Polidarová from the group of Klára Grantz Šašková (Department of Genetics […]


We would like to invite you to the NIVB methodology-oriented Networking workshops in Prague and Brno. […]

We would like to invite you to the seminar, the talk will be given by […]

Ředitelem CEITEC MUNI se od 1. července z pověření rektora MU Martina Bareše stane Pavel […]

NIVB reportaz

“Despite the difficult beginnings, I gradually felt that the direction of the company was so clear […]

NIVB reportaz

Scientistits fromfive elite national health research institutes will join forces. The aim is […]

We would like to invite you to the regular IMIC seminar, the talk will be given […]

Summer BIOCEV (MINI) SYMPOSIUMThe complexity and dynamic nature of the relationship between hosts […]

Introduction of methods available in our service laboratory with an emphasis on advanced […]

kveten prezentace

We would like to invite you to the regular IMIC seminar, the talk will be given […]

NIVB scientists at Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemstry in Prague deciphered the structure […]

Virologist Daniel Růžek from the Institute of Parasitology of the Czech Academy of Sciences […]

A panel of experts, including scientists from the NIVB project involved in anti-pandemic strategies […]


More information to find: on this link and this link

An expert describes the Marburg virus. More info to be found: on this link

On October 16TH was Iva Pichová awarded by Josefa Hlávky medal. See […]

December 26, 2022

NIVB Meeting 2022

The first annual NIVB meeting took place from 30 November to 2 December […]

© 2023 NIVB